‘A Descent Into The Maelström’ by Edgar Allen Poe
It was published three years before ‘Rappaccini’s Daughter’ but ‘A Descent Into The Maelström’ is infinitely more modern and is a true precursor to the hard SF subgenre in a way that Hawthorne’s gothic tale was not. Our narrator describes the maelström thus:
The ordinary account of this vortex had by no means prepared me for what I saw. That of Jonas Ramus, which is perhaps the most circumstantial of any, cannot impart the faintest conception either of the magnificence, or of the horror of the scene – or of the wild bewildering sense of the novel which confounds the beholder. (p. 224)
That is your sense of wonder right there.